2015年12月19日雅思阅读机经

2015-12-22 15:16:42 | 编辑:无 | 有2362人参与 | 来自:匿名

2015年12月19日雅思阅读机经考题回忆
——来自环球雅思教研中心
Passage
One
新旧情况题材题目题型
考古古代生物
判断题(T)6
笔记填空 4
表格 3
文章大意
答案1. researchers creatueres
2. 陆地生物 F 应该是海洋生物
3. 爪子抓取食物 food
(答案仅供参考)
Passage
Two
新旧情况题材题目题型
人类行为Emotion段落细节配对 6
人名匹配 5
填空 3
文章大意人的情感对人的影响如寿命等在紧张压力情况下会导致疾病;有压力状况下人的关注点不同
(积极-乐观/消极-悲观);压力的积极方面
答案1. 人得出结论是 beyond the expectation
2. Life span
3. Pressure positive
4. Pressure positive personal society
(待补充)
Passage
Three
新旧情况题材题目题型
文学类Children‘s adults
选择 4
判断(Y)4
句子配对4
整篇段意1
文章:CHILDREN’S LITERATURE
A Stories and poems aimed at children have an exceedingly long history: lullabies, for example,
were sung in Romantimes, and a few nursery games and rhymes are almost as ancient. Yet so
far as written-down literature is concerned, while there were stories in print before 1700 that
children often seized on when they had the chance, such as translations of Aesop’s fables, fairy-stories and popular ballads and romances, these were not aimed at young people in particular.
Since the only genuinely child-oriented literature at this time would have been a few instructional
works to help with reading and general knowledge, plus the odd Puritanical tract as an aid to
morality, the only course for keen child readers was to read adult literature. This still occurs
today, especially with adult thrillers or romances that include more exciting, graphic detail than is
normally found in the literature for younger readers.
B  By the middle of the 18th century there were enough eager child readers, and enough parents
glad to cater to this interest, for publishers to specialize in children’s books whose first aim was
pleasure rather than education or morality. In Britain, a London merchant named Thomas Boreham
produced Cajanus, The Swedish Giant in 1742, while the more famous John Newbery published A
Little Pretty Pocket Book in 1744. Its contents — rhymes, stories, children’s games plus a free
gift (‘A ball and a pincushion’) — in many ways anticipated the similar lucky-dip contents of
children’s annuals this century. It is a tribute to Newbery’s flair that he hit upon a winning formula
quite so quickly, to be pirated almost immediately in America.
C  Such pleasing levity was not to last. Influenced by Rousseau, whose Emile (1762)decreed that
all books for children save Robinson Crusoe were a dangerous diversion, contemporary critics
saw to it that children’s literature should be instructive and uplifting. Prominent among such voices
was Mrs. Sarah Trimmer, whose magazine The Guardian of Education (1802) carried the first
regular reviews of children’s books. It was she who condemned fairy-tales for their violence and
general absurdity; her own stories, Fabulous Histories (1786)described talking animals who were
always models of sense and decorum.
D  So the moral story for children was always threatened from within, given the way children have of
drawing out entertainment from the sternest moralist. But the greatest blow to the improving children’s
book was to come from an unlikely source indeed: early 19th-century interest in folklore. Both nursery
rhymes, selected by James Orchard Halliwell for a folklore society in 1842, and collection of fairy-stories by the scholarly Grimm brothers, swiftly translated into English in 1823, soon rocket to popularity
with the young, quickly leading to new editions, each one more child-centered than the last.
From now on younger children could expect stories written for their particular interest and with the
needs of their own limited experience of life kept well to the fore.
E  What eventually determined the reading of older children was often not the availability of special
children’s literature as such but access to books that contained characters, such as young people
or animals, with whom they could more easily empathize, or action, such as exploring or fighting,
that made few demands on adult maturity or understanding.
F The final apotheosis of literary childhood as something to be protected from unpleasant reality
came with the arrival in the late 1930s of child-centered best sellers intend on entertainment at its
most escapist. In Britain novelist such as Enid Blyton and Richmal Crompton described children
who were always free to have the most unlikely adventures, secure in the knowledge that nothing
bad could ever happen to them in the end. The fact that war broke out again during her books’
greatest popularity fails to register at all in the self-enclosed world inhabited by Enid Blyton’s young
characters. Reaction against such dream-worlds was inevitable after World War II, coinciding with
the growth of paperback sales, children’s libraries and a new spirit of moral and social concern.
Urged on by committed publishers and progressive librarians, writers slowly began to explore
new areas of interest while also shifting the settings of their plots from the middle-class world to
which their chiefly adult patrons had always previously belonged.
G  Critical emphasis, during this development, has been divided. For some the most important
task was to rid children’s books of the social prejudice and exclusiveness no longer found
acceptable. Others concentrated more on the positive achievements of contemporary children’s
literature. That writers of these works are now often recommended to the attentions of adult as
well as child readers echoes the 19th-century belief that children’s literature can be shared by the
generations, rather than being a defensive barrier between childhood and the necessary growth
towards adult understanding.

题目仅供练习
Questions 14-18
Complete the table below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from Reading Passage 2for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.
DATEFEATURESAIMEXAMPLE
Before 1700Not aimed at
young children
Education and
morality
Puritanical tract
By the middle
of 18th century
Collection of rhymes
14 _____  and games
Read for pleasureA Little Pretty Pocket Book
(exported to 15 _____ )
Early 19th
century
Growing interest
in 16 _____
To be more
children-centered
Nursery rhymes and
17______
Late 1930s Stories of
harm-free 18 _____
EntertainmentEnid Blyton and Richarnal
Crompton’s novels
Questions 19-21
Look at the following people and the list of statements below.
Match each person with the correct statement.
Write the correct letter A-E in boxes 19-21 on your answer sheet.
19  Thomas Boreham
20  Mrs. Sarah trimmer
21  Grimm Brothers
List of statements
A  Wrote criticisms of children’s literature
B  Used animals to demonstrate the absurdity of fairy tales
C  Was not a writer originally
D  Translated a book into English
E  Didn’t write in the English language
Questions 22-26
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
In boxes 22-26 on your answer sheet write
TRUE         if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE        if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN   if there is no information on this
22 Children didn’t start to read books until 1700.
23 Sarah Trimmer believed that children’s books should set good examples.
24 Parents were concerned about the violence in children’s books.
25 An interest in the folklore changed the direction of the development of children’s books.
26 Today children’s book writers believe their works should appeal to both children and adults.
部分答案
(答案仅供参考)

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